In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Mexico is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.
Infertility is defined as the inability to get pregnant after one year of unprotected sex. Increasingly, more and more couples are turning to IVF clinics in Puerto Vallarta to overcome infertility using the most advanced IVF treatments.
Why is IVF used?
IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients:
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility
- Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids
- Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed
- Individuals with a genetic disorder
- Unexplained infertility
Fertility Treatment in Mexico
Mexico is one of the most popular destinations for assisted reproductive technology (ART). It is the method of combining a sperm and an egg outside of the body; inside a culture dish in a laboratory. With the expert guidance of fertility doctors in Mexico, it is possible to overcome male and female infertility and achieve the ultimate goal of pregnancy.
With high-fertility success rates in Mexico, fertility patients traveling to Mexico find very expressive and encompassing journeys combining technical, controlled and progression in stages:
- Controlled ovarian stimulation with fertility drugs or hormones to produce more eggs
- Follicle aspiration, Transfer of Sperm
- In vitro fertilization happens as the oocytes and sperm are left undisturbed in the culture dish.
- Transfer of embryos
How successful is it?
The process of assisted reproductive technology and its success depends on multiple factors, such as a woman’s age and cause of infertility.
Women under the age of 35 who use ‘fresh embryos from non-donor eggs’ have a 21.3 percent chance of having a ‘full term, normal birth weight and singleton live birth per ART cycle,’ according to Penn Medicine, which cited a 2015 U.S. Society of Assisted Reproductive Technology report.
After 35 years of age, a woman’s chance continues to decrease.
Causes of Female Infertility
Female infertility can be a result of problems with ovulation such as premature menopause or polycystic ovaries, blockages in the fallopian tubes preventing the release of eggs, age and endometriosis.
There are many treatments available to help women suffering from infertility successfully conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. Fertility drugs can be used to stimulate the ovaries to induce ovulation and increase the number of eggs produced, embryo transfer following IVF can increase the chance of embryos implanting into the uterine lining and egg donation Mexico provides a solution to women who are unable to produce eggs naturally.
Causes of Male Infertility
Male factor infertility is commonly caused by low sperm count or impaired sperm motility where the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg makes natural conception difficult. IVF with ICSI in Mexico is an infertility treatment that can help overcome male infertility as only one healthy sperm is needed for fertilization. Blockages or scaring preventing the ejaculation of semen can be overcome by collecting sperm using sperm retrieval methods.
A Good Candidate for IVF
Couples who are unsuccessful at getting pregnant on their own often turn to IVF treatment in Mexico to conceive. All clinics have an upper age limit in which they will not provide IVF with the woman’s own eggs, however the leading IVF clinic in Puerto Vallarta will attempt IVF using the female partner’s eggs on a case by case basis.
Women with tubal issues can benefit from IVF. Since the IVF procedure bypasses the fallopian tubes entirely, many women with blocked or absent fallopian tubes find that IVF helps them to conceive.
Good candidates also include women with fertility disorders like endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). IVF can help these women overcome their infertility symptoms and achieve a healthy pregnancy. Women with abnormal ovulation cycles can also get pregnant with IVF, since fertility drugs can be used to induce ovulation and generate healthy eggs. Women that do not produce healthy eggs can use IVF by the aid of donor eggs.
Gay couples who want to become parents can make use of the same assisted reproductive technologies that enable infertile straight couples to have babies. For gay men, family building through IVF requires the use of an egg donor and a gestational surrogate. While Mexico prohibits gay individuals or couples from using IVF with surrogacy, the leading surrogacy agency in California is able to assist the LGBT community.
Why go through with IVF?
So why do couples choose IVF treatment in Mexico instead of IUI if it causes overwhelming amounts of stress and worrisome nights?
1. IUI success rates tend to decrease after three or four attempts.
2. Pregnancy success rates are higher with IVF than IUI.
3. Moving on to IVF sooner rather than later may ensure better success, as increasing age is the nemesis of conception.
Infertile couples choose to do all it takes to have children, including taking on the stress of IVF. With the endless possibilities in Mexico, it’s hard to imagine yourself anywhere else.
IVF Treatments Types
Most frequently, assisted reproductive technology in Mexico refers to the procedures that use successful methods of IVF. These infertility treatments include IVF, IUI, and accompanying procedures such as ICSI.
In vitro fertilization (IVF)— IVF is the oldest and most widely used assisted reproductive technology. With IVF, the retrieved eggs are fertilized outside the body in a laboratory setting and varied with the partner’s sperm or sperm donation in Mexico. After 3 to 5 days, healthy embryos are implanted in your uterus. IVF is typically utilized if a woman’s tubes are blocked or absent or if the male partner has low quality or quantity of sperm.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)— IUI is introduced as a fertility treatment with male factor infertility. IUI improves the number of sperm reaching the site of fertilization by means of the sperm bypassing the cervix, the main site of sperm antibody production. IUI is used in conjunction with fertility drugs to increase its efficiency.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)— ICSI is a fruitful treatment among couples in which the male has an extremely low sperm count. ICSI is used in conjunction with IVF and bypasses forms of male infertility, offering achievement unlikely with other procedures.
Intracytoplasmic Morphologically-Selected Sperm Injection— Over the past few years, IMSI has emerged at the forefront of IVF in Mexico. IMSI is typically used in place of ICSI to increase fertilization rates of eggs in the in vitro fertilization process.
Mini-IVF— IVF with minimal stimulation (mini-IVF), escalating as a lower cost option for many patients in Mexico is designed to recruit only a few high quality eggs, while eradicating the risks of hyperstimulation, dropping the number of injections and intensely decreasing the cost of medications.
Risks and Side Effects of IVF
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment that has been used successfully to achieve pregnancy for over 30 years. IVF in Mexico is entirely safe and effective. Your precise risk factors may fluctuate based on individualized medical histories.
The risks from IVF are marginal and there are few side effects associated with IVF.
Multiple pregnancies are a common impediment following IVF in Mexico. The risk of multiple pregnancies is due to the number of embryos implanted. Many clinics aim to reduce the risk by transferring no more than 3 embryos. A rare complication associated with IVF is ectopic pregnancy, also known as “tubal pregnancy”, which refers to a complication in which the fertilized ovum is implanted in any other tissue besides the uterine wall.
IVF may not always achieve success on the first attempt. There are many strides and challenges that can affect the success of treatment including the quality of a woman’s eggs and abnormalities of the uterus. Failure to conceive through repeated IVF attempts can be a demanding and sensitive experience.
Adverse reactions to fertility drugs may cause side, in which are typically minimal, including soreness or bruising from an injection. Mood swings, hot flashes, and other symptoms of hormonal changes may also occur.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation may present a complication defined as Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). This results in painful swelling in the ovaries and may lead to the development of ovarian cysts. In rare cases, it can cause the ovary to twist and cut off its own blood supply, or lead to blood clots. In the most severe cases, medical treatment and hospitalization is necessary to lighten the symptoms of OHSS.
Egg collection through the vaginal wall can occasionally cause side effects. Side effects include uneasiness or bleeding. Infections to surrounding organs are rare impediments.
Recovery from IVF
When planning your journey through IVF in Mexico, it is significant to understand and embrace the guidelines for recovery. After embryo transfer, it is highly recommended to rest the remainder of the day. Complete bed rest is not necessary, unless there is an increased risk of OHSS. Most women return to normal activities the next day.
With the newest modernization through IVF clinics in Mexico, fertility technology permits doctors in Mexico to observe how the uterus transfers an embryo for prosperous implantation. This new technology keeps patients from having to rest after an embryo transfer and lets doctors modify the medical recovery guidelines given to patients in Mexico after having an embryo transfer.
Women who undergo IVF in Mexico are given prerequisites to take fertility medication like progesterone, either pills or injections, daily for the following 8-10 weeks after embryo transfer to increase the chance of implantation and lower the chance of miscarriage. A pregnancy test is scheduled 10-14 days after the embryo transfer.
Recovery from IVF in Mexico offers an inclusive selection of personalized options and a way to turn something special into something even more exceptional.
What is involved with in vitro fertilization?
In Mexico, there are five basic steps in the IVF and embryo transfer process:
Ovarian Stimulation – The very first step is to prepare the ovaries for stimulation with fertility medications. This is accomplished with a combination of medications that helps align the timing of your cycle and promotes simultaneous development in the potential group of eggs.
Multiple eggs are desired because some eggs will not develop or fertilize after retrieval. A transvaginal ultrasound is used to examine the ovaries, and blood test samples are taken to check hormone levels.
Egg Retrieval– Aspiration or removal of your eggs during IVF in Mexico is performed under anesthesia (medication is provided to reduce and remove potential discomfort so there is no discomfort during the procedure). The laboratory in Mexico will contact you each day to update you on the development of your embryos.
The male is asked to produce a sample of sperm, which is prepared for combining with the eggs.
Fertilization– In a process called insemination, the sperm and eggs are mixed together and stored in a laboratory dish to encourage fertilization. In some cases, where there is a lower probability of fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used. Through this procedure, a single sperm is injected directly into the egg in an attempt to achieve fertilization. The eggs are monitored to confirm that fertilization and cell division are taking place. Once this occurs, the fertilized eggs are considered embryos.
Embryo Transfer– The embryos are usually transferred into the woman’s uterus three to five days following egg retrieval and fertilization. A catheter or small tube is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos. This procedure is painless for most women, although some may experience mild cramping. If the procedure is successful, implantation typically occurs around six to ten days following egg retrieval.
Embryo Freezing – If you have additional embryos after the transfer, they will be evaluated and considered for cryopreservation (freezing of the embryos). This allows you to achieve additional pregnancies in future frozen embryo transfer cycles without repeating the entire IVF process.
What if I don’t produce healthy eggs or my husband is sterile?
You may choose to use donor eggs, sperm, or embryos. You will want to be informed about various legal issues related to gamete donation including the legal rights of the donor.
How many embryos should be created or transferred?
The number of embryos transferred typically depends on the number of eggs collected and maternal age. As the rate of implantation decreases as women age, more eggs may be implanted depending on age to increase the likelihood of implantation. However, a greater number of eggs transferred increases the chances of having a multiples pregnancy.
How do I choose an infertility clinic?
There are a number of questions to ask regarding the cost and details of specific centers and fertility programs.
- Does the program adhere to the guidelines set forth by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM)?
- Is the IVF lab accredited by an accredited healthcare organization?
- Are the physicians’ board certified in reproductive endocrinology and infertility?
- What pre-cycle screening tests are required, what are their costs, and will insurance cover the tests?
- How much does the ART procedure cost, including drugs per treatment cycle?
- What are the costs of embryo freezing, storage, and embryo transfer?
- How much work are I and my partner likely to miss?
- If necessary, what kind of help is available for low-cost lodging?
- What types of counseling and support services are available?
- Whom do I call (day or night) if a problem surfaces?
- Do you consider ICSI? If so, when, and what is the cost?
- Do you do assisted hatching? If so, when, and what is the cost?
- How many eggs/embryos are normally transferred?
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